For millennia, humans considered the earth to be flat. This view was based on local observation. Wherever one would stand on the surface of the land the Earth would appear as a circular plane. Humans did not have the means to look beyond the local horizon. The sky above emerged as a canopy tied to the Earth at its horizon. The sun, the moon, and the stars orbited the Earth, so they thought. The sky above consisted of 3 heavens. First was the heaven of birds, the second was the heaven of stars, and the third was where God and other heavenly beings resided.

Because of such an understanding people, in biblical time, thought that Earth was the only planet in Gods kingdom and the only populated place outside heaven. The writers of the Bible where human beings who lived in the time when the above cosmological view and understanding was dominant. Therefore, the writers of the Bible held the same world-view.  When writers of the Bible described God and His interaction with humankind, they did so in light of the then dominant understanding of cosmology and God.

Today, when religious people study, discuss, and analyze the subjects that relate to both, science and God, they must take into consideration the time in which the Bible was written. The readers and students of the Bible should not do so in light of the rules of grammar and style of the modern language. The writers of the Bible did not possess structured rules of communication as we have today. Our understanding and description of God and the universe should accommodate the current world-view, knowledge, and available evidence.

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Dan Lazich

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