The New Covenant is not an agreement.
Because Jesus offered a perfect sacrifice, that is, He offered Himself; His sacrifice cleansed the conscience of the people. The Old Covenant sacrifices offered by the Levitical priesthood, could not cleanse the conscience of the people. Hebrews 9:9. By cleansing the conscience of the people the New Testament sacrifice, fulfilled God’s promise. “‘I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.”‘ Ezekiel 36:26, NKJV. The “new spirit” is the new life the humankind has in Jesus Christ. The old life, the spirit given to the first Adam, sinned in the garden of Eden and it died in the body of Jesus Christ, on the cross at Golgotha as the wages of sin. The first, or Old, Covenant could not accomplish this. However, because of Jesus Christ, the new humankind has the perfect and eternal life of the High Priest of the better things, the New Covenant. “And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of eternal inheritance.” Hebrews 9:15, NKJV.
The people, under the Old Covenant, could not inherit the eternity because, the Old, or the first, Covenant could not promise it. The Old Covenant, with its law, could only demand perfect obedience, and punish the people for disobedience. The New Covenant, however, ensures the eternal inheritance for the yielded believers because it is not an agreement between the two parties, but a will, or the last testament, made by one party, and left as an inheritance to the party which did not participate in it. The final will or testament becomes entirely in force after the testator has died. “For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.” Hebrews 9:16, NKJV.
Jesus Christ, who was about to die to cleanse the conscience of the people, left a “testament,” the last will stating, ‘After My death, I leave to you, the humankind, My perfect and eternal life.’ He did this in fulfillment of God’s will. “‘Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come – in the volume of the book it is written of Me – To do Your will, O God’”… “By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” Hebrews 10:7, 10, NKJV. The “testament,” the last will of Jesus Christ, the High Priest of the New Covenant, has superseded everything associated with the agreement, the Old Covenant.
How did God replace the old agreement? Read the next blog.