The agreement was replaced by the last will.
The old covenant, with its stipulations, had to be replaced because it was made ineffective by the sinful nature of the humankind. The sin in the garden of Eden did not a result of a flawed performance by the newly-created humankind; but by the deliberate decision made by its representative, the first Adam. Because the decision in the garden of Eden was a decision by the spirit, the intelligence, of the humankind; it became irrevocable. The irrevocability of an intelligent decision conforms with the law of intelligence. Because of the nature of choice in the garden of Eden, the spirit of the humankind had to die forever. Genesis 2:17. The Moral Law, embedded in the universe where the humankind resides, demands it. The Israelites were not aware of the dire nature of its transgression in the garden of Eden; therefore, they believed they could obey what God requires of them. Accordingly, they promised to be faithful; and they were sincere in their promise. God, therefore, gave them the Ten Commandments, a practical example of what the Moral Law demands, with the aim to enlighten the people about the dire consequences of their sinful nature. Moses instructed the Levites to place the “Book of the Law” next to the arc of the covenant, the arc of the agreement. “’Take this Book of the Law and put it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there as a witness against you.”‘ Deuteronomy 31:26, NKJV. Therefore, the Ten Commandments are a witness that the people could not render perfect obedience.
“A witness against you.” Why? To remind the people of what they promised to God. Also, to remind them that, when they violate their agreement, their promise, they display their helpless state as a sinner. The people, by looking at the “Book of the Law” were to realize that because of their sinful nature, they could not obey the Law, no matter how hard they tried. The people were to understand that their sinful nature could not be rehabilitated, but it had to be replaced. The “witness” and the people became the irreconcilable enemies, no way out. The problem was not with the nature of the agreement, but the fault was with the people. Hebrews 8:7, 8. However, God, in the body of Jesus Christ on the cross at Golgotha, replaced the sinful spirit of the first humankind with the perfect spirit of Jesus Christ, the Representative of the new humankind. How?
“And you, being dead in your transpasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses, having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross,” Colossians 2:13, 14, NKJV. The new humankind, created by God in Jesus Christ, does not need a written code and a witness against it. The Holy Spirit guides the believers. John 16:13. The yielded believers know who they are, and how and where they stand. They know it by the Holy Spirit, who resides in them. The Holy Spirit is superior to the written code.
The will is superior to the agreement. Read the next blog.