Jesus is superior to everything employed in the Old Covenant time.
After asserting the superiority of Jesus to the prophets and angels, the author of the Hebrews now gives the reason why is Jesus superior to God’s agencies employed during the Old Covenant time. He reminds the readers that the prophets spoke to the people on behalf of God, in the role of God’s servants. However, the testimony given by Jesus is better because, He is the Son, not the servant. The Son is greater than the servants because the Son has authority over the servants. Also, the Son is the heir of all that the Master, the Father, has; the servants do not have the right of inheritance. Also, just as Abraham gave to Isaac, the son of the promise, everything he had; so also, God gave Jesus, the Son of the promise, everything He has. Hebrews 1:2; Genesis 25:5; Psalm 2:8.
Because Jesus is the Son and the heir, He received the right to rule the Father’s entire Kingdom. The servants could not have such a right. “And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, ‘All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.'” Mathew 28:18, NKJV. This was the fulfillment of the prophecy given through God’s servant, the prophet Daniel. “Than to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, That all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, And His kingdom the one Which shall not be destroyed.” Daniel 7:14, NKJV.
To prove his point, the author of the Hebrews quotes several passages from the Old Covenant Scriptures. The quotations assert that Jesus is also superior to angels because angels, like prophets, are the servants of God. “Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?” Hebrews 1:14, NKJV. The children of God in Jesus Christ inherit the salvation, and they inherit the universe. The angels, as servants, could neither inherit the Father’s property, nor could they be called sons. “For to which of the angels did He ever say: ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten you?’” Hebrews 1:5, NKJV. After completing our purification from sin, the Son sat down at the right hand of God. Hebrews 1:3, NKJV. Jesus, as our High Priest, sat down because His work of our cleansing from sin and our justification is finished and is perfect for all times.