Paul Has established that because of sin by the first Adam, the entire humankind became sinful by nature and therefore, it lost the image of God. Consequently, humanity as the whole became utterly helpless to do anything concerning its sinful nature. The entire humankind should have died forever in the first Adam the moment he decided to disobey. God’s justice requires it. However, God, because of His selfless love for the humankind, put us under His Grace and thus, He delayed the punishment for sin until the Grace becomes a reality in Jesus Christ.
The dire condition, together with the just demand of eternal death as the wages for sin, applied equally to both, the Jews and the Gentiles. The Jews had the law, but the law could not take away their sinfulness because they could not render the perfect obedience, which the law requires. The law and the sacrifices could not cleanse the conscience of the sinners; only God could do it. Paul then asks a question, “Why the law”? “The law was added so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Romans 5:20, 21, NIV.
The entire humankind was justified and saved from the guilt and punishment for sin, by what God did on our behalf, in the body of Jesus Christ on the cross at Golgotha. The humankind could not and did not contribute anything to its justification by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ. From this point on, Paul addresses the personal attitude and experience concerning the nature of sin and sinfulness.
To be continued.