In biblical time cosmology, the earth, and the humans on it was the center of the universe. The man was it! Accordingly, theological thinkers maintained that all activity by God and heavenly beings was directed down to earth. The earth was the only thing God had to keep Him occupied, so they thought. The “good people” on the planet earth, so they thought, suffered consequences that were not a result of human actions and decisions; but, of conflicts and change in feelings among heavenly beings. Humans, in general, viewed God as a strict defender of His ways often so at the unexplainable expense to the people on earth.
Copernicus, however, discovered that earth was not the center of the universe, but only one of several planets orbiting the sun. Soon after, even the sun was not the center of the universe. THE MAN WAS NO LONGER IT! The Copernican position resulted in a problem with the scientific understanding of gravity. If the earth was not the center of the universe how come, everything falls to earth? Theologians screamed foul. How dare anyone say that man, the crowning act of God’s creation, is no longer the center of it all? To resolve the problem in understanding gravity, Newton formulated the Theory of Gravitation. A result of this theory was the “clockworks universe.” Theologians took solace in clockworks universe. Thus, God, in theology, became a God of order and beauty.
Classical philosophy responded to new cosmology with a proposal that human mind and the matter in the universe were the separate but coexistent realities – the “Cartesian Dualism.” A result of dualism was the teaching that there are two worlds; the visible everyday world, and the “spooky” world of spirits. That was an incorrect and unfortunate conclusion. Theologians, by rejecting the dualism, also rejected “reason” as a means of learning about God the Creator. God, theologians concluded, could only be known by divine revelation. This assertion made it very difficult to understand the nature of God correctly. In contrary, this assertion by theologians caused much confusion about God the Creator and God the Savior as well.
The classical science and classical philosophy maintained that the reality in which humans live and function is local in nature. (Recent experiment, however, show that this is not correct). Theologians accepted the local view of reality which, in turn, influenced the theological understanding, assertions, and definitions concerning the nature of God the Creator. Theologians, accordingly, defined the God the Creator in a human image, constitutes spiritual idolatry. Nevertheless, this view of God persists to this day. The confusion about the nature of God the Creator, and of Jesus Christ divided the Christianity in the past and is splitting it today. Christians should seriously restudy and reconsider their position concerning the God the Creator.